The Rosebud Indian Reservation, located in south-central South Dakota, is home to the Sicangu Lakota Oyate (“Burnt Thigh Nation”). In 1999, the tribe established the Rosebud Economic Development Corporation (REDCO), a chartered corporation managed by an independent board of directors, to promote economic growth and generate revenue for the tribe.
Over the past five years REDCO has grown from losing over a million dollars a year to generating annual profits of nearly a half-million dollars, and it has expanded businesses and launched a series of innovative community development programs. REDCO’s community development centerpiece is the Keya Wakpala Development, a 590-acre site that will include homes and businesses that promote traditional culture, language and familial tribal structure.
Food Sovereignty Initiatives
REDCO began surveying community members about the design and function of this new community project in 2014. In addition to housing and retail space, many tribal members pointed out the need for a community garden, farmers’ market and other food sovereignty initiatives at the new site. REDCO took the community’s suggestions to heart, and within a year began using First Nations Development Institute’s Food Sovereignty Assessment Tool (FSAT) to conduct a food assessment.
In 2016, First Nations awarded REDCO a $20,000 food sovereignty assessment grant, courtesy of the NoVo Foundation Fund at the Tides Foundation, to complete community food assessments for eight of the 20 communities across the reservation. REDCO initially began working on these surveys in 2015 with assistance from the Notah Begay III Foundation, but quickly ran out of funding to travel to and survey the tribe’s more isolated communities (end to end, the reservations extends over 150 miles).
With this $20,000 grant, REDCO hired a food sovereignty director and two interns to compile and analyze the remaining data. Between January and April 2016, REDCO interns conducted more than 150 surveys at community meetings, basketball games and in the tribal college cafeteria. It also purchased a new computer and software to evaluate the data, which confirmed that Rosebud is a food desert, and that tribal members want greater access to healthy, traditional foods.
REDCO used this information to establish the Sicangu Food Sovereignty Initiative, a community-based project that promotes “an Indigenous food system that will ensure wicozani (health of mind, body and spirit) for current and future generations.” Through this initiative, REDCO has been able to partner with communities in rural and remote areas that cannot easily access REDCO’s centrally-located farmers’ market. For example, since conducting a community food assessment, REDCO has partnered with the Soldier Creek Community to plant a pumpkin patch, and the Horse Creek Community to plant 800 fruit trees, thereby ensuring that all tribal members have access to healthy, traditional foods.
Mike Prate, REDCO’s food sovereignty director, points out that community food assessments are about more than just collecting data.These assessments also promote community-building. “After we conducted the community food assessment, we made sure that we returned to each community to present our findings, so that we could build trust and develop meaningful partnerships,” said Prate. “We want to empower our communities.”
First Nations believes that good food is essential to healthy, strong tribal nations. Through the Sicangu Food Sovereignty Initiative, REDCO has taken an important step toward empowering the Sicangu Lakota Oyate, who have made the conscious decision to “reclaim their inherent sovereign rights as a people by re-embracing traditional values of self-reliance and sustainability in order to sustain their families (Tiwahe), communities (Ospaye), and their Oyate (the Lakota Nation).”
By Sarah Hernandez, First Nations Communications Officer